What Steps Are Involved in the US Asylum Process?
Before you begin your asylum case, you must understand what steps are involved in the asylum process. These steps include the Credible Fear Interview, Application for withholding or deferred removal, and Hearing in Immigration Court. As an immigrant, you must follow all the guidelines to get the best outcome possible.
Credible fear interview
The credible fear interview is one step in the U.S. asylum process, where noncitizens present evidence of their credible fears to establish their eligibility for asylum. Under current law, asylum officers must make a credible fear determination before a nonadversarial hearing can take place. The interview can also be used as an asylum application, if the noncitizen can demonstrate that their fear is based on real facts.
The credible fear interview is an important step in the U.S. asylum process, which will ultimately determine whether an applicant qualifies for asylum in the United States. An interview can help determine whether an individual has a genuine fear of persecution or torture. If an individual is found to have a genuine fear of persecution or torture in their home country, they may request that an asylum officer review their claim. However, if the interview is negative, the individual may request a judicial review by the IJ.
The USCIS received the data on May 11, 2021 from the RAIO Directorate, SAS PME, and data-bricks databases. The data is partially fiscal year as of May 2021. Table 4 presents data on “durations,” which are the number of days from apprehension to the start of the credible fear screening process. These data are reported as medians and averages. Combined with Table 6, the total time for each case can be found.
A credible fear interview is only given to applicants who have a legitimate fear of persecution in their home country. An applicant must also demonstrate that the credible fear interview will cause the applicant to suffer significant physical and psychological harm. If they successfully overcome these tests, the applicant will be scheduled for a removal hearing before a judge. A successful applicant will be granted withholding of removal and CAT relief. An applicant may also request a judge review or a re-interview if their application has been rejected.
Refusal to apply for asylum
Asylum is a legal status that protects a person from persecution. There are strict rules that must be followed to be eligible for asylum. For example, an applicant must be able to prove that he is suffering from persecution in his native country. Asylum cannot be granted to an alien who is unable to prove that he is a refugee.
The immigration judge can deny asylum in a few different ways. Depending on the circumstances of your case, you may be able to appeal the decision. However, you need to file an appeal within 30 days of the decision. If your appeal is denied by an immigration judge, you may file an appeal before the Board of Immigration Appeals.
Asylum applicants must disclose the facts of their case, including what happened to them. Even if it is difficult to tell the truth, failure to provide the complete picture can result in denial of your application. If you have a knowledgeable attorney, he or she will ask you who, what, when, where, and why, so that the asylum officer can understand the full context of your case.
Asylum applications typically contain hundreds of pages of supporting documents. This is a time-consuming process, and an experienced immigration attorney can help you meet the one-year deadline for filing your application. With the right representation, you can get the asylum you need.
An applicant for asylum can apply for protection in the United States either from within the country or at the border. The applicant must meet the international definition of a refugee. This means that they have fled persecution, war, or violence in their homeland.
Application for withholding or deferred removal
The asylum officer may grant an exception if the alien can establish by preponderance of the evidence that he or she will suffer persecution or torture in the prospective receiving country. For this to happen, the alien must demonstrate that he or she is unable to return to the country under any existing agreement. The asylum officer may ask the alien to submit affidavits of witnesses to support their claims.
The application must be made after April 1, 1997, or the alien will be considered ineligible for asylum. Applicants must also be able to demonstrate exceptional hardship. If the alien fails to demonstrate the hardships, they will be denied with deferment of their removal.
To qualify for withholding or deferred removal, the alien must be physically present in the United States, and their asylum claim must be approved by an immigration judge. If their asylum claim has been denied, the alien must prove that he or she has lost his or her spousal relationship with the principal applicant.
If the applicant has an unmarried child, the officer may include them in his or her assessment of the alien’s risk. Other accompanying family members are also considered in the evaluation. In cases where the applicant can’t participate in the interview, the officer conducting the interview may reschedule the interview.
To qualify for withholding or deferred removal, an alien must demonstrate that he or she is likely to suffer torture in the country he or she is being sent to. This determination can be based on the Convention Against Torture.
Hearing in Immigration Court
The hearing is a critical part of the asylum process and involves telling your story in front of an immigration judge. You may be represented by a lawyer or interpreter. The immigration judge will ask you questions and may have DHS present as witnesses. During the hearing, the immigration judge will determine whether you should receive asylum or not. The judge may take a long time to write a decision after the hearing.
The hearing takes several hours, depending on the type of case. The hearing may be conducted separately or as a group. In general, a single Merits Hearing can last for several hours, but can be spread over several hearings, depending on the information you will provide and the time the IJ has available.
If you win the hearing, you will then be eligible to apply for a work permit and a green card, or a permanent residence in the U.S. This will allow you to bring your family members. While the government cannot appeal your decision, you may want to seek legal help if you can. Asylum organizations can help you navigate the asylum process.
The backlog in immigration court cases has tripled in recent years. The backlog is the result of the courts’ inability to keep up with the number of cases filed by immigrants. In FY 2018, there were nearly 522,000 cases pending before the courts. In FY 2019 alone, immigration judges received more cases than they could complete. This means that in FY 2020, there will be a backlog through March 2022.
If you are approved for asylum, your case will be reviewed by an immigration judge. The immigration judge will notify you of the decision during the hearing or by mail. Asylum seekers can also file appeals to the Board of Immigration Appeals if their case is denied.
Application for lawful permanent resident status
You may have heard about AOS, or application for lawful permanent resident status, but did you know that you must meet certain criteria before you can apply? If you are a spouse or parent of a U.S. citizen, you may automatically qualify for AOS. However, if you fall outside of this category, you may have to wait a while to apply for the green card. You can check your priority date in the visa bulletin to determine when you can apply.
If you are a citizen of another country, you may also be able to apply for lawful permanent residency in the U.S. The Department of Homeland Security will give you a unique identification number. You must have this number when you apply for lawful permanent residency. If you’re a non-citizen, you must file a petition with the appropriate fee and supporting documentation. Then, you’ll be granted lawful permanent residency status.
If you’re an immigrant, you should always consult with an immigration attorney before beginning the application for asylum. If you have a past history of persecution, it is likely that you’ll want to find safety and stability. Being granted asylum grants you a long-term right to remain in the U.S., but that right is only valid as long as you have a valid fear of persecution in your country. Otherwise, you could end up being forced to return home if circumstances in your home country change.
After your asylum application is approved, you will be eligible for green cards. You can start this process after a year in the U.S. Asylum seekers will likely use the adjustment of status process. This process will take between four months and a year. If your application for lawful permanent resident status is approved, you’ll be mailed a green card.