hrc berkeley logo


Health and Human Rights

Health and Human Rights

Health  Human Rights

Health and Human Rights are interrelated principles, encompassing all aspects of a person’s life. For example, the right to health is intimately connected to the right to food, water, and housing, as well as the right to education and freedom from torture. The right to health also includes the rights to fair pay for medical professionals, and access to essential medicines.


The mission of the Project on International Health & Human Rights (PIHHR) is to develop a knowledge base for the field of human rights and health. Its members include scientists, physicians, and other health practitioners who are advancing HHR. Its work has won awards, including the Nobel Peace Prize.

The program is led by Sofia Gruskin, who has been a global health professional and lawyer for over 25 years. Its research focuses on the conceptual and policy implications of linking health and human rights. It also emphasizes the role of gender issues and vulnerable populations. Its goal is to make a positive impact on people’s health.

The program is sponsored by the Harvard School of Public Health and the Merck Company Foundation. Its work explores the responsibilities of governments, state actors, and the pharmaceutical industry. PIHHR & Health & Human Rights is an important component of the global health agenda. It supports public health and promotes social equity around the world.

PIHHR & Health & Rights courses are widely available. They are taught at the undergraduate level and in professional schools, including law, policy, and medicine. PIHHR and health & human rights are a core competency in US master’s programs, and are increasingly integrated into global curriculum.

Asylum program

The Asylum program serves as a safety net for migrants seeking to seek protection from persecution and torture. However, it is a discretionary status. Many individuals who would otherwise qualify may be denied asylum for a variety of reasons. In these cases, the “withholding of removal” process may be used to provide temporary protection.

The Asylum Clinic conducts independent medical evaluations of asylum seekers at no charge. The clinic’s staff includes psychiatric and medical physicians, clinical social workers, and psychologists. These professionals have been trained to identify torture sequelae. These medical evaluations provide valuable evidence for asylum applicants’ legal cases.

The Trump Administration has been criticized for its policies regarding asylum seekers. Until recently, the government required asylum seekers to wait for immigration court hearings in Mexico. Moreover, these programs did not require credible fear screening. This meant that U.S. officials could deport asylum seekers back to their country of origin. The Ninth Circuit struck down this controversial program as law, but the Supreme Court reversed the decision, which allows asylum seekers to apply for asylum in the U.S.

While there are many reasons for asylum seekers to leave their home countries, the main reason for seeking protection is the threat of persecution or severe human rights violations. It is a human right to seek asylum in another country and is a legal right for everyone. As long as there are no arbitrary restrictions and no discrimination, it should be possible for everyone to enter another country and seek asylum.

Violence in the home

Violence in the home is a form of abuse that is common in relationships. It can be physical, emotional, or economic. It can also involve threats, intimidation, or mental games. It can be committed by a partner who wants control of the victim. It can happen to anyone from any race or economic background.

Studies have shown that children who grow up in homes with violence may be at higher risk of suffering from a variety of behavioural disturbances. They are also more likely to be exposed to violence themselves later on in life. Furthermore, intimate partner violence is associated with higher infant mortality and lower immunization rates. These effects have enormous social and economic costs. In addition, women who are exposed to violence may face the inability to work, participate in regular activities, or care for themselves.

To combat this problem, it is important to build an evidence base. To do this, UN Women supports countries in developing the measurement and documentation of violence against women. It also supports research on interventions to combat the problem. This data is crucial to helping countries make informed decisions and initiate action.

Food security

Food security is a human right that ensures that all people have sufficient and nutritious food at all times, and that there is no discrimination against them. Food security is essential to tackling the challenges posed by a growing world population. To address food insecurity, the international community needs to address multiple dimensions, such as improving the governance of food systems, making investments in rural areas, and strengthening social protection mechanisms.

Globally, there are 870 million chronically undernourished people, mostly in developing countries. It is estimated that 6 million children die each year of malnutrition or from complications related to undernutrition. This means that one child dies every five seconds. Over the past two decades, governments around the world have made quantitative commitments to combat undernourishment. In the United Nations Millennium Declaration and the Rome Declaration on World Food Security, states pledged to cut the proportion of undernourished people in half by 2015.

The interplay between food security and health has been recognized by the World Health Organization. Almost every country produces between 85 and 100 percent of its food supply. This means that national governments have the greatest influence on food security and are responsible for ensuring food security within their borders. In other words, food security is an integral part of human rights.

Climate change

Climate change will inevitably impact people’s health, and this is especially the case for those who live in low-income countries. Increasing temperature and extreme weather events, as well as the rising sea level, are all detrimental effects of climate change. They will also negatively impact the agricultural production of poorer communities and their access to safe water. This will ultimately lead to a higher incidence of water and vector-borne diseases, and a higher risk of death.

As the effects of climate change are felt by people across the globe, human rights must play an increasingly important role in responding to these threats. Ultimately, the effects of climate change are a threat to the human race, and how we respond to it will affect our ability to fully exercise our human rights. The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change recognizes this fact, and its implications for human rights.

The United Nations has recently reported that the climate justice movement has taken off in various countries. In the United States alone, there were 654 climate litigation cases filed in March, and another 230 in other countries. Climate justice seeks to make governments and corporations accountable for their climate-related actions.

Maternal mortality and morbidity

Global health interventions to address maternal mortality and morbidity have focused on community outreach. However, domestic efforts are gaining attention. In Philadelphia, for example, Deputy Executive Director of the Maternity Care Coalition, Bette Begleiter, reviewed maternal deaths in the city’s metropolitan area to see how community outreach can be used to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity.

Maternal mortality and morbidity is an issue of human rights. It has a dramatic impact on women throughout the world, particularly in the Americas. It is particularly detrimental to women living in poor and marginalized communities. Maternal mortality and morbidity are often caused by poverty or a lack of access to quality healthcare.

Maternal mortality remains a major challenge for many countries, especially low-resourced countries. The maternal mortality rate in Malawi is 984 per 100,000 live births, according to the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, but this figure is not statistically significant. Major causes of maternal mortality include obstructed labour, ruptured uterus, complications of abortion, and anaemia.

The CEDAW decision established a precedent for maternal mortality protections, but implementation at a national level is complicated. The government set up an interministerial working group to implement CEDAW recommendations. This group consisted of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Health, and the Secretariat for Women’s Policies, Human Rights, and Racial Equality. The working group has been charged with monitoring a new national maternal health program.

Child health

Child health & human rights is a fundamental part of the UNICEF’s mission. By working with local and national partners, UNICEF promotes people-centered development and the empowerment of children. The organization’s holistic focus spans the determinants of health, from nutrition to safety, from violence to poverty.

The concept of “evolving capacities” is fundamental to the realization of children’s rights in health care. According to Maslow’s hierarchy of human needs, children must meet at least a minimum set of physiological needs before they can advance to their self-actualization and esteem. If these needs aren’t met, children can’t survive.

Child health and human rights are intimately linked and require a human rights-based approach to protect children’s rights. To make sure children are safe and healthy, organizations must work to eliminate discrimination and exploitation, both of which are fundamental human rights violations. Further, children’s participation must be meaningful and in line with their evolving capacities. In addition, the balance between promoting agency and protecting the child must be carefully considered.

Legal recognition of child and maternal rights is vital for improving access to health care for children and their mothers. Moreover, it helps strengthen accountability among stakeholders. In countries that have adopted these laws, civil society and human rights organizations play a crucial role in holding governments and authorities accountable for their actions. However, legal recognition does not ensure effective implementation. For example, China has recently passed a law aimed at improving maternal and child health and child survival rates.

Recent News​